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中国城市基层社会的型构——1949-1954年居委会档案研究

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英文标题:

The Construction of Urban Grassroots Society in PRC: Research on Archives of Residential Committee from 1949 to 1954

摘要:

城市基层社会是1949年后中国社会的独特样态之一,国家视之为基层政权辖下的居民区群众及其生活生产。分析1949-1954年的历史档案可以发现,城市基层社会始于国家型构街居制,有三种机制共同发生了作用,即国家迫近和组织社区的机制、社区的配合机制和社区的自我维持机制。三种机制并存,基本上规定了此后城市基层社会的运行方向、基本特征以及改革所需要解决的主要命题。

英文摘要:

The Basic-level Society is produced by the masses and their livelihood under the jurisdiction of local political power, constituting the special patterns of Chinese society since 1949. It originated from 1949 to 1954. According to the historical archives from 1949 to 1954, although Grassroots Society in urban areas started with state-composed system of residential district and residential committee, there are three mechanisms that work together: the mechanism by which the state approaches and organizes the community, the coordination mechanism by the community, and the mechanism of the community’s self-maintenance. The three kinds of mechanisms exist together and basically stipulate the direction of urban Grassroots Society’s operation, its basic characteristics and the main propositions to be solved in the reform later.

作者:

毛丹

作者单位: 浙江大学社会学系、浙江大学地方政府与社会治理研究中心
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2018.5:139-163
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 城市基层社会;居民区;国家机制;社区配合机制;社区自我维持机制
英文关键词:
项目基金: 本文受“浙江省‘万人计划’人文社科领军人才”专项计划支持

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