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身份产权——厂办集体企业产权变革过程的一种解释

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英文标题:

Identity Property Rights: An Explanation of Property Rights Reform in Factory-run Collective Enterprises

摘要: 在中国社会的转型过程中,身份是纵向等级序列中的一个结构性位置或同一层级组织(个体)之间横向的连接关系及其认同,组织与个人的稀缺性身份在特定的关系结构中得到形塑和界定,他们在社会认可的前提下依凭身份获得、占有资源,即拥有一种“产权”。本文追寻东北某厂办集体企业的改制过程,揭示产权界定的身份逻辑,将“身份”变量引入产权分析,考察不同身份性质的企业以及同一企业内不同身份职工的产权界定过程,发现影响企业身份产权的主要因素是企业所有制等级、企业行政级别、企业规模以及企业在社会分工中的位置和行业属性,影响企业职工身份产权的主要因素是职工的所有制等级、职工的身份类型(干部/工人)、职称、工种和工龄,并以此为基础提出“身份是一种产权”这一命题。
英文摘要:

In the process of social transformation in China, identity is one of the structural positions in the vertical hierarchical sequence, or a type of horizontal connective relationship and recognition between the same level of organizations or individuals. Both the unitized identity sequence of the collectivism period, and the new dualistic social identity structure in the era of the Reform and Opening-up, show that organizational and individual identities of scarcity are shaped and defined in specific relationship structures. To obtain or possess resources through identity under the premise of social recognition indicates a kind of property right. Based on the case study of a collective enterprise in northeast China, this paper reveals the identity logic of property rights. “Identity” is introduced into the property rights analysis to investigate the property rights identification process of the enterprise organizations and workers. This paper finds that the main factors influencing the identity property rights of enterprises are their ownership level, administrative rank, scale, position in the social division of work, as well as industry attributes. Meanwhile, the identity property rights of workers depend on their ownership level, identity types (cadre or worker), professional ranks, types of work and service length. Based on these results, I propose the argument that identity is a form of property right.

作者:

王庆明

作者单位: 南开大学周恩来政府管理学院、马克思主义社会学研究中心
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2019.5:165-191
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 身份产权;厂办集体企业;产权变革;社会转型
英文关键词:
项目基金:

本研究是国家社会科学基金重大项目“新时代中国马克思主义社会学的理论创新和意识形态建设研究”(18ZDA163)的阶段性成果。

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