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儿童贫困表征的年龄与城乡效应

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英文标题:

Age and Residence Effects of Children’s Poverty Representation

摘要: 本研究尝试突破为经济短缺表象所遮蔽的贫困研究和贫困治理,基于儿童视角的贫困表征来探究主观贫困对于贫困者困境的建构功能。研究采用开放式问卷,对温州市中心、郊区和乡村的三所小学进行调查。研究发现,儿童的贫困表征内容远比官方定义丰富且存在年龄效应。城市儿童贫困知识的精细化程度显著高于同龄的郊区与乡村儿童,并且这种城乡差异随年龄的增长而逐渐增大;城市儿童的贫困判断线索也远比贫困儿童多元而精细。研究揭示,阻断儿童贫困再生产的干预可从贫困表征入手,并应在不同处境的儿童出现对贫困的认知与判断分化之前进行。
英文摘要: To break the stagnancy of poverty studies driven mainly by the official objective of filling the poverty gap, this research attempts at investigating how subjective poverty constructs the poor, taking children’s social representations of poverty as an example. A comparative study was conducted in three primary schools in the Wenzhou area. It was found that children’s social representations of poverty are much richer than the official definition. Urban children generally possess much more sophisticated poverty knowledge than children living at the outskirt or in rural areas, and the divergence widens with time. Moreover' compared with children who self-identified as rural residents, urban children name more and subtler poverty cues. The findings suggest that the differentiation between urban and rural children enlarges with age. This research reveals that by eliminating the negative connotations of poverty representations,  it is possible to prevent poverty production and reproduction,  and the ideal intervention time should be at Grade Three.
作者:

赵蜜

作者单位: 中央民族大学民族学与社会学学院
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2019.5:192-216
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 主观贫困;儿童贫困表征;年龄效应;城乡效应
英文关键词:
项目基金:

本研究受中央民族大学2019年度“双一流建设资金”社会学学科经费资助,也是2016年度教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目“阻断贫困再生产:儿童贫困后效、实验干预与政策反思”(项目批准号为16JJD840001)的中期成果。

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