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社区运动的“社区性”——对现行社区运动理论的回应与补充

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英文标题:

The Community Characteristics of Community Social Movements:A response to the current theories of community social movements

摘要:

在国家强控制、组织发育不良的背景下,资源动员理论和政治过程理论等对社区运动解释式微,社区性成为影响社区运动产生与维系的核心变量。空间、人口、组织三个社区性要素循环互动,促成或抑制了社区运动,同时形塑了程度不一的社区共同体(社区认同感)。内在的社区居民共同体与外在的社会(控制)结构两个社区性维度的互动解释了社区运动的发生与走向。本文认为,只有通过对社区性要素和维度的合理安排与调整,改变政府与居民零和博弈的关系,才能营造出合作、共赢的社区治理局面。

英文摘要:

The paper first analyzes the applicability of the theories of community social movements. Political opportunity structureresourceand organization are explanation variablesbut the community characteristics are the key variables that should be paid more attention toespecially in the first step of the community movement when resources and organizations are not enough. Community characteristics include spacepopulation and organizationswhich are correlative to one another. The three factors promote or restrain the community social movementsand lead to the structuration of the community characteristics. The interior community and the exterior social control structure are the dimensionalities of community characteristicswhich directly explain the trend of community movements. Based on the analysisthe author argues that only if the government arranges the factors of community characteristics reasonably and changes the zero-sum game relation of government and communitycan the win-win cooperation of community governance be achieved. 

作者:

黄晓星

作者单位: 中山大学社会学与社会工作系
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2011.1:41-63
中图分类号: D669.3
文章编号:
关键词: 社区运动 空间性 人口 组织博弈 社区性
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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