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“七八月”的孩子们——小学入学年龄限制与青少年教育获得及发展

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英文标题:

Children Born in July and August: A study on the age regulation of primary school admission and students education access and development

摘要:

本文从微观层面研究现行小学入学制度对出生截止日期的规定所导致的教育不平等现象。研究表明, 7-8月出生的青少年在自我建构、日常学习层面存在明显的相对年龄劣势与适应性危机。研究同时表明,这种效应强势到家庭经济社会地位都无法产生有效的抑制作用,是一种难以逾越的“七八月陷阱”。

英文摘要:

This paper discusses at the microlevel the educational inequality resulted from the cutoff birthdate regulation in the current primary school admission system.According to our research, among the students who enroll in school, students born in July and August display relative disadvantage and adaptive difficulties in the construction of selfidentity and study ability when compared with those born in September and October.Students born between November and June in the following year have medium performance.Moreover, this effect is accumulative.With regard to acquiring education resources, students born in July and August show the lowest possibility of getting into the key senior middle schools, which is 16.7%-22.8% lower than the rest of the student population, while their possibility to get into vocational school is the highest, 54.2%-60.8% higher than the others.This disadvantage is more prominent among the male students.Our study also show that the effect above is very strong and cannot be effectively suppressed by socialeconomic factors.There is an insurmountable July/August pitfall.

作者:

刘德寰、李雪莲

作者单位: 北京大学新媒体研究院、北京大学新闻与传播学院
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2015.6:169-192
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 教育公平 青少年 相对年龄效应 适应危机
英文关键词:
项目基金:

本研究及所使用数据隶属于国家社科基金重点项目《网络游戏对青少年发展的影响与引导研究》,课题号为11AZD112。本研究受国家社科基金资助。

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