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利益代表与社会整合——法团主义视角下的武汉工会(1945-1949)

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英文标题:

Interests Representation and the Social Integration: A study of Wuhan trade union(1945 -1949)from the angle of corporatism


摘要:

针对“多元主义”这一社团政治理论预设存在的盲区,本文以法团主义理论为视角,以战后武汉工会为研究对象,考察其是否具有利益代表职能及强组织凝聚力,并执行社会整合功能。研究发现,战后武汉工会不具备法团主义整合方案所要求的基本条件,其整合模式既异于国家法团主义模式,又不同于社会法团主义模式。究其原因,弱势独裁的政府始终未能实现行政权力的集中化、分层化与制度化;政府对社会的专制控制使得民间社会趋于萎缩,无法发展出充分专业化分工的社会团体。先天的不足使武汉工会只有法团主义的形而无其神,最终无法担负起社会整合的功能。

英文摘要:

As a political theory, pluralism has its own blind areas. This paper applies corporatism theories to study the post-war trade union in Wuhan, examining whether they had an interest in representational functions and strong organizational cohesion, and carried out the social integration function. The trade unions did not have the complete function of interests representation, they also lacked the strong organizational cohesion. Its integration model is different not only from the model of state corporatism, but also different from that of social corporatism. There as on is that the weak government failed to achieve the centralization, hierarchization and institutionalization of administrative power; the government’s authoritarian control of society made the civil society shrink gradually, unable to develop an adequate specialization in social groups. This congenitally deficient determined that Wuhan trade unions had the shape of corporatism, but unable to assume the functions of social integration.


作者:

胡悦晗

作者单位: 华东师范大学人文社会科学学院历史学系
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2010.1:177-210
中图分类号: D412.6
文章编号:
关键词: 法团主义; 工会; 利益代表; 凝聚力; 社会整合
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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