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中国民众如何看待当前的社会不平等

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英文标题:

Views of Chinese Citizens on Current Inequalities

摘要:

社会大众对于当前中国不平等的状况和趋势的不满程度如何?近年来,许多研究者和一些中国政府官员都提出,中国自1978年以来的市场改革造成的不平等状况不断加剧,普通民众对资源分配的不公非常不满、甚至愤懑。通常认为,那些从改革中获益甚微的弱势群体,特别是农民,应该对当前的不平等心存怨怒。为了考察这些看法是否属实,我们对一项于2004年在全国范围内收集的调查数据进行了分析,结果发现:首先,尽管中国受访者对当前不平等的一些方面确有微词,但是他们总体上仍倾向于认为,目前产生各种社会不平等的资源分配模式是比较公平的,尤其是在社区内部...

英文摘要:

Are Chinese citizens angry about current inequality patterns and trends?Many analysts contend that Chinese are increasingly angry about current inequalities, and that disadvantaged groups, and particularly farmers, are the most angry .Results of a 2004 national survey contradict this view.Most Chinese citizens view current inequalities as more fair than unfair , they are more optimistic than citizens in many other nations about the chances for ordinary individuals to improve their living standards, and in general urban residents and the well educated are more critical of current inequalities than farmers and other disadvantaged groups .Objective status characteristics and Gini inequality statistics are poor predictors of Chinese popular attitudes toward current inequalities . 


作者: 怀默霆
作者单位: 哈佛大学社会学系;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2009.1:96-120
中图分类号: D61
文章编号:
关键词: 社会不平等; 分配不公; 市场改革;
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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