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新制度是如何落实的?——作为制度变迁新机制的“通变”

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英文标题:

How to Put into Effect of the New Institutions ? “ Tongbian” as the new mechanism of institutions changing

摘要:

改革开放30年,中国社会制度发生了翻天覆地的变化,在这个过程中,比较常见的现象是,一项"自下而上"经过"变通"机制被创造出来的新的制度安排,或者直接由中央或某级地方政府进行的制度创新,往往要经过一系列大规模的改革或改制运动"自上而下"推广下去之后,才能最终由"文本"变为"现实"。本文通过对笔者在过去10年中所观察的"改革"运动中3个案例的讨论分析,利用"通变"这一概念,分"形式绩效"和"实质绩效"的达成两个阶段,详细探讨这一现象中所蕴含的制度变迁的具体机制和过程。 

英文摘要:

After 30 years of reform and opening to the outside, Chinese institutions have changed greatly.During this process, we often find that a new institution, which was created by Tongbian mechanism from bottom to top, or created by central or local governments directly , should be pushed by some series of large-scale reform movements from up to down, and then put into effect from policy text .In this article , we will analyze those institution changing mechanisms and processes by three cases during past ten years in China.This mechanism is called Tongbian , and the process is separated into two steps : carrying out formal performance and achieving actual performance.

作者:

刘玉照; 田青;

作者单位: 上海高校社会学E-研究院; 上海大学社会学系; 上海世纪出版集团格致出版社;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2009.4:133-156
中图分类号: C911
文章编号:
关键词: 制度变迁; 通变; 形式绩效; 实质绩效;
英文关键词:
项目基金:

国家社科基金重大招标课题《新时期社会协调机制建设》(05&ZD030)的阶段性成果;上海市高校人文社会科学重点研究基地基金资助

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