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从生存理性到社会理性选择:当代中国农民外出就业动因的社会学分析

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英文摘要:

Peasants in contemporary China take around seventy percents of the total population, and thus the tone of many social problems is still determined by peasants .Now the problem that peasants go out for employment is becoming more and more important in contemporary China studies. The basic causes of peasants' outgo for employment are closely linked to the economic and social development in China , and to Chinese history and culture .It is the outcome of survival pressure and rational choice .Rational choice comprises of three levels : survival rational choice , economic rational choice and social rational choice.Furthermore , the survival rational choice is the fundamental level , and only when the survival rational choice is fully realized can economic rational choice and social rational choice be produced . Nowadays the outgoing peasants represent a progress from survival rational choice to social rational choice or economic rational choice under the condition of more flexible institutions .

作者:

文军

作者单位: 南京大学社会学系 讲师;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2001.6:19-30
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 农民外出就业; 社会理性; 农村人口; 当代中国农民; 理性选择理论; 剩余劳动力; 家庭劳动力; 制度性因素; “经济人”假设; 离土不离乡;
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