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故事与讲故事:叙事社会学何以可能——兼谈如何讲述中国故事

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英文标题: Story and Storytelling: A Path Towards Narrative Sociology and the Chinese Stories
摘要: 近年来,叙事分析在社会学中蔚然成风,本文旨在系统梳理“叙事”的特质与理论意涵,以此提出叙事社会学“故事”与“讲故事”两种路径,并整合已有的研究主题和方法,对叙事社会学的研究图景进行展望。笔者首先回顾了叙事研究的多学科源流,集中论述了“叙事”的四大特征:普遍重要性、具体时间性、内在因果性与潜在反抗性,并在此基础上展开对两种路径的论述。第一种路径关注故事的构成元素、结构模型与网络表征,发展出针对叙事网络的结构性分析,第二种路径关注叙事情境效应、叙事者效应以及叙事的社会效用,发展出反思性的叙事行为分析。本文对两种方式各自存在的优缺点进行初步探索,指出糅合两种方式的可能性,提出在丰富叙事相关概念的基础上,以“故事形态学”切入叙事,由此增进我们对当下中国社会的理解。
英文摘要: Narrative analysis has recently prevailed in sociological studies as an important method. Four dimensions of the concept of narrative, i.e., ubiquitousness, concreteness of time, internal causality, and underlying resistance, are analyzed in details in this paper, based on which story and storytelling are proposed as two main research approaches that lay the infrastructure of narrative sociology. The first approach focuses on the constitutive elements, formal models and network representation of narratives, which applies network analysis to the content of stories. The second approach focuses on the effect of context and narrator, as well as the social consequences of narration, which evolves into reflective analysis of the behavior of storytelling. Given the respective advantages of these two approaches, the author provides a tentative integrative framework for the sociological study of stories and to describe the morphology of stories as a prospective path to narrative sociology in China.
作者:

刘子曦

作者单位: 厦门大学社会学系
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2018.2:164-188
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 叙事;故事;讲故事;中国故事;故事形态学
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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