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The Possibility to Voice : A reflection on the complaining campaigns against landlords during the Land Reform
Suku, or complaining campaigns against landlords during the land reform, is a phenomenon which has evoked a great deal of reflections in recent years. These reflections mainly concentrate on whether peasants could express themselves truly and autonomously. This paper points out that peasants' absolutely low standards of living and their cognition of suffering from the perspective of class were indeed the basis of peasants' response to suku, however, their understanding of suku and the corresponding actions taken during the campaign were based on their own benefits, values, and emotions. Thus, peasants' voice in suku was not always the reproduction of the narrative mode of class suffering, but multiple choices including acceptance, imposition, alteration, avoidance, reticence and even resistance. This paper emphasizes the selective adaption of peasants as leading participants to the limited freedom of speech during suku. The authors argue that with this selective adaption, suku was adopted by peasants to maintain their own interests and emotional needs, while at the same time, strategic answers were given to cope with the prohibition of voice violating the narrative mode of class suffering. Therefore, CCP’s political discipline did show great effect in short term, but inevitably failed at last. Furthermore, on the contrary to expectation, the utility of suku also started to diminish over time.
|关键词：||土地改革 农民 诉苦 说话|