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新中国成立以来我国婚姻匹配模式的变迁

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英文标题:

The Evolution of Assortative Mating Patterns in the Process of China's Modernization

摘要:

伴随着工业化和现代化的进程,我国婚配模式也经历了变迁。本文利用2006年中国综合社会调查数据,分析了在新中国成立以来婚配模式的变迁,检验了工业化理论对我国婚配模式演变的解释效力。研究发现,我国各时期的婚姻匹配模式主要表现为不同社会特征群体的同类婚;此外,各时期的异质性婚配现象呈现明显的对称性。不同社会特征婚姻匹配强度的变化趋势部分印证了工业化理论,自致性特征在婚姻匹配中的重要性不断上升,而先赋性因素的重要性则经历了一个先降后升的过程。对同类婚和异质婚具体形式的进一步分析发现,不同社会阶层的边界可渗透性在各时期存在明显差异,相应的同类婚和异质婚现象也呈现不同的特点。

英文摘要:

Drawing data from the CGSS2006this paper examines the phenomenon and evolution of assortative mating patterns in China during the past several decades Results show that the main pattern of China's assortative mating is the prevalence of homogamy across various social groups In the case of heterogamous marriagessignificant symmetrical patterns are observed The assortative mating patterns in China evolve over time during the past half centurywhich provides partial support to the industrialization theory: along with China's industrialization and modernizationthe achieved characteristics have been increasingly important in the mating selection processwhile the importance of the ascribed features had been declining until the 1990sand then started to rise again since the early 1990sdue to the rising uncertainty along with deeper marketization and modernization Finallyfurther analysis shows that the likelihood of homogamy /heterogamy for specific subgroups varied substantially in the past several decades

作者: 齐亚强 牛建林
作者单位: 中国人民大学社会学系; 中国社会科学院人口与劳动经济研究所
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2012.1:106-129
中图分类号: C913.1
文章编号:
关键词: 婚姻匹配 同类婚 异质婚 工业化 现代化
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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