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灌溉制度与礼治精神——晋水灌溉制度的历史人类学考察

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英文标题:

The Institution of Irrigation in Jinshui Area and the Spirit of li: A study of historical anthropology

摘要:

晋水灌区自明代以来就已经具备了相对完善的灌溉管理制度,该制度由渠长甲制和轮程分水制度两个部分组成。从明代晋王府军屯进入晋水灌区以来,晋水灌溉制度几经变迁,直至难老泉断流,整个制度彻底废止。这个延续了近七百年的灌溉制度一直是靠着乡土社会的礼治精神来支持的。这一礼治精神主要体现为“崇始报本”、“盈科而进”和“本乎人情”等各个方面。士人政府、士绅和宗族在一次次用水冲突和水利变革中维系着灌溉制度背后的礼治精神。

英文摘要:

An integrated system of irrigation had appeared in Jinshui area since early period of Ming dynasty. The system was composed by management part named Quzhangjia and the distribution part named Luncheng. After the foundation of the martial villages of the princethe irrigation system changed several timesand was eventually abolished when the Nanlao Spring dried up thirty years ago. The irrigation system had been supported by the spirit of li for seven hundred years before it broke down. The intellectual governmentthe local gentries and clans collaborated to maintain the spirit of li every time when conflicts of water usage broke out and reformation of irrigation organization took place. 

作者:

张亚辉

作者单位: 中央民族大学民族学与社会学学院
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2010.4:143-174
中图分类号: K248
文章编号:
关键词: 灌溉; 军屯; 渠长甲; 轮程制; 礼治;
英文关键词:
项目基金:

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