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China' s Cooperative :As unintended consequences of institutionalizing processes
Rural specialized cooperative economic organization has often been viewed as cooperatives with Chinese characteristics, while its Chinese characteristics have been difficult for sociologists to successfully depict as a sociological image.Nudged by the analysis strategy from Danwei study , this paper manages to describe the institutional essence of these organizations as unintended consequence of institutionalizing processes . “ Mingshi Fenli”(absorbing nominal institution by market organizations)is one prevalent strategy absorbed by more and more rural specialized cooperative economic organization to adapt to the going institutionalizing environment , which can be outlined according to the power relationship between government institutes and rural economic organizations.After the launch of rural economic reform in 1978, the power concentration relationship inside bureaucracy between government organs and rural economic organizations has loosened , but now , the concentric power relationship once enclosed in government bureaucracy has already gone across its organizational border and dominated these rural economic organizations again.Power concentration relationship outside bureaucracy has come into being unexpectedly.These rural economic elites and their organizations have to construct autonomy space to survive and realize their profit maximization.
|关键词：||合作社； 名实分离； 非科层性集权关系； 自主性；|