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青少年亲社会行为原型概念结构的验证

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英文标题:

A Confirmative Research on Prototype Concept Structure of Prosocial Behavior Endorsed by Adolescents

摘要:

本研究采用实验法检验了青少年对概念不同类属成员进行"信息提取(回忆和再认)"的时间差异,从而分析由原型符合性评价得到的概念结构对被试回忆和再认有关亲社会行为项目的成绩的影响。本研究旨在验证亲社会行为概念的原型结构,最终确定青少年亲社会行为概念的内部成分及其构造。结果发现:(1)被试正确回忆和再认概念中心成员的成绩显著高于回忆和再认边缘成员的成绩;(2)被试对于未呈现的中心成员的错误提取显著高于对边缘成员的错误提取;(3)在提取中心成员项目的得分上,女生成绩好于男生成绩,初二年级被试的成绩好于其他三个年级被试的成绩,高家庭社会经济地位被试的成绩好于低家庭社会经济地位被试的成绩;(4)本研究验证了青少年亲社会行为原型概念结构由遵规与公益性亲社会行为、特质性亲社会行为、关系性亲社会行为、利他性亲社会行为四个维度组成。

英文摘要:

This paper is a subset of the serial study of “ prototype concept analysis of prosocial behavior endorsed by adolescents” .The main purpose of this study is to validate the existing structure of prosocial concept based on Centrality Rating experiment .This study conduct the method of memory experiment to investigate the performance of information memory (recognize and recall) on different behavioral categories, Thus to compare the influence of prototype concept construct on the performance of memory task . The results showed that:(1)participants accurately remembered more central ones than peripheral ones;(2)participants falsely remembered more central ones than peripheral ones too ;(3)female students accurately remembered more central ones than male ;students in grade 7 accurately recall more central ones than other three grades; students from high SES families accurately recall more central ones than that of whom from low SES families ;(4) we validate the existing structure of adolescents' prosocial concept that was constructed of commonweal and rule, personality traits, interpersonal relationship, and altruism.

作者:

张庆鹏; 寇彧;

作者单位: 北京师范大学发展心理研究所; 北京师范大学发展心理研究所 中国刑事警察学院刑侦一系;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2008.4:182-202
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 青少年; 亲社会行为; 原型概念结构; 验证;
英文关键词:
项目基金:

2007-2008年度北京市教委重点实验室规划项目

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