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艾滋病、污名和社会歧视:中国乡村社区中两类人群的一个定量分析

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英文标题:

HIV AIDS , Stigma , and Social Discrimination :A Quantitative Analysis of AIDS Patients and Ordinary Villagers in Two Chinese Rural Communities

摘要: 艾滋病作为一种污名化的社会疾病,由于其高致死率、多途径传染和在目前不可治愈的特征,在世界各地引发了社会恐惧和相伴随的社会排斥与社会歧视。本文在两个中国乡村社区的两类人群——普通村民和艾滋病感染者——中所采集的实地数据的基础上,对村庄社区范围内艾滋病流行与社会歧视之间的经验关系进行了定量分析,不但给出了表征当地社会歧视形式和水平的描述性数据,还给出了用于解释当地社会歧视水平的两个回归模型。文章开始,作者还对艾滋病和全球社会科学的学科回应,以及中国艾滋病研究的现状进行了简要的文献综述。
英文摘要:

As a highly stigmatized social illness, AIDS has caused tremendous social fears and consequent practices of social exclusion and social discrimination all over the world , simply because it' s three widely recognized qualities, that is, high mortality , multichannel contagious, and very limited chance of being cured .Based on empirical survey data gathered from two specific groups the AIDS patients, and the ordinary villagers in two Chinese rural communities, this article gives out a quantitative analysis of the relationship between local AIDS epidemiology and level of social discrimination against AIDS patients and their family members within local communities.The author not only presents descriptive data of the forms and levels of locally embedded social discrimination against AIDS victims, but also brings out two regression models to explain levels of social discrimination that reported by AIDS patients and the ordinary villagers respectively .In the first two parts of this article , the author has traced relevant literatures regarding two topics:first, the rise of AIDS as a social illness and the responses of global social sciences towards it;and then, the current status of Chinese academic efforts on AIDS .

作者:

刘能;

作者单位: 北京大学社会学系;
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2005.6:136-164
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 艾滋病; 污名; 社会歧视; 中国乡村社区; 定量分析;
英文关键词:
项目基金: 河南、山西两省艾滋病重点地区红丝带关爱行动项目评估”课题。

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