在线办公

期刊检索

您当前的位置:首页 >> 期刊目录 >> 2016 年 4 期

当前中国社会各阶层的消费倾向——从生存性消费到发展性消费

查看全文 下载全文

英文标题: Consumption Tendencies of Social Classes in Today’s China: From survival consumption to developmental consumption
摘要: 本文利用2013年CSS数据对中国社会各阶层消费倾向进行分析,发现农民阶层、工人阶层和老中产阶层的平均消费倾向较高;但受收入约束,农民阶层和工人阶层边际消费倾向较低。将消费进一步区别为生存性消费和发展性消费之后,显示的趋势是:农民阶层、工人阶层和老中产阶层的生存性边际消费倾向较高;新中产阶层与之相反,其生存性边际消费倾向较低,而发展性边际消费倾向却很高。由此可见,在顶层设计居民消费的供给侧结构性改革时,需要在生存性消费上瞄准农民阶层、工人阶层和老中产阶层,在发展性消费上瞄准新中产阶层和业主阶层。
英文摘要:

Drawing upon CSS data to analyze the consumption tendencies of social classes in China, this paper finds out a relatively high average consumption tendency among the social classes of farmers, workers and old middle class. Yet, due to income restriction, the marginal consumption tendency among farmers and workers is relatively low. After a further demarcation between survival consumption and developmental consumption, the marginal tendency of survival consumption among the farmers, workers and old middle class is relatively high. By contrast, the marginal survival consumption tendency among the new middle class is relatively low, while the marginal developmental consumption tendency is rather high. Thus, the top-level design for China’s supply side structural reform should focus on the famers, workers and old middle class for survival consumption, and the new middle class and the proprietor class for developmental consumption.

作者:

张翼

作者单位: 中国社会科学院社会学研究所
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2016.4:74-97
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 阶层结构;消费升级;生存性消费;发展性消费
英文关键词:
项目基金:

欢迎阅读《社会学研究》!您是该文第2890位读者!