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城乡关系、空间差序与农户增收——基于中国综合社会调查的数据分析

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英文标题:

Urban-rural Relationship,the Sequence of Spatial Difference and Income Increment of the Rural Households:An Analysis Based on the Chinese General Social Survey Data

摘要:

本文立足于农民收入的空间转换逻辑和城乡关系的差序类型,并借助相关数据系统检验了促进农户增收的三种机制是否存在空间差异。研究发现:1.地区非农化对距离城市较近的农户增收有着明显的积极作用;家庭非农化的影响则表现出逆向差序的特征。2.文化性人力资本对靠近城市的农户增收的边际效用较大;技能性人力资本促进农户增收的效应则没有表现出明显的空间差异。3.社会网络对农户增收的积极影响在远离城市的偏远农村更为突出。上述观察结论隐含着一个重要的政策逻辑,即加强对农村劳动力的职业技能培训,以此推进家庭经营结构转变和劳动力转移,对于促进偏远地区的农户增收具有重要的意义。

英文摘要:

Based on the logic of spatial transformation of the rural populations’ income and the sequential types of the urban-rural relationship,this paper systematically explores the spatial differences among three mechanisms designed to increase the farmers’ income. The study finds out that firstly,there is a clear positive association between the degree of regional de-agriculturization and the farmers household income increment among those who reside near the city, while the effect of domestic de-agriculturization adopts the characteristics of “reverse sequence” in spatial differences. Secondly, cultural human capital has a greater marginal effect on the income increment of rural households among those who live nearby the urban areas,while the beneficial influence of skilled human capital on rural household income has no obvious spatial difference. Thirdly, the positive impact of social network on the household income is more outstanding in the remote rural areas. The above conclusions may shed light on the policy-making. In order to increase the income of rural households,it is important to strengthen the vocational skill training of the rural labor force,and promote the transformation of household business structure and the transformation of the rural labor force.

作者:

张兆曙、王建

作者单位: 华中师范大学社会学院(张兆曙);西安交通大学人文学院(王建)
期刊: 社会学研究
年.期:页码 2017.4:46-69
中图分类号:
文章编号:
关键词: 空间差序;农户增收机制;非农化;人力资本;社会网络
英文关键词:
项目基金:

本文系国家社科基金项目“基于空间梯度的城乡关系研究”(10BSH016)和“华中师范大学中央高校基本科研业务费项目(CCNU17Z02004)”的阶段性成果。

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